Alphabet Soup: A Glossary of Phrases That Are Critical to Advocacy


504 PlanLegal document outlining accommodations and modifications provided by school so that child is not discriminated against because of symptoms

Adaptive behavior. A sort of “practical intelligence.” that identifies how well a person manages within his or her own environment and is listed in federal law as an area of concern that may require special education services.

FAPE: Free and Appropriate Public Education

FERPA: Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act. A federal law that regulates the management of student records and disclosure of information from those records.

Functional Behavior Assessments: Process to collect data and information regarding behaviors that are disruptive to education. See also PBIP below

IEP: Individualized education plan. Legal document developed at an IEP meeting which identifies special education services appropriate for a specific student

IEP Team: Individuals responsible for determining if child is determined to be eligible and developing, reviewing and modifying IEP’s as necessary. Parent is a member of the team

IDEAIndividuals with Disabilities Education Act. Federal Law on which special education services

LEA: Local Educational Agency. AKA a local public school district

LRE: Least Restrictive Environment. Special classes, separate schooling, or other removal of children with disabilities from the regular educational environment occurs only… …if the nature or severity of the disability is such that education in regular classes with the use of supplementary aids
and services cannot be achieved satisfactorily

OHI: Other Health Impairment. IEP classification that includes students with TS

OT:  Occupational therapy is becoming increasing important for students with sensory issues

OCR: US Office for Civil Rights. An within the Department of Education charged with enforcing a number of civil rights statutes including 504 Plans

PBIP: Positive Behavior Intervention Plan developed from information provided by FBA. Includes supports provided by school to assist student so that behaviors are less likely to reoccur.

Section 504 Provision of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 which prohibits recipients of federal funds from discrimination against persons with disabilities. See also 504 Plan above.

Sensory Diet:  Activities, strategies to reduce sensory issues Ex: chewing gum, movement, trampoline, weighted vest, sensory pillow, music

SLPSpeech and Language Pathologist – provides support in schools which may be critical for the success of a student with TS

Due Process; Impartial Hearing: A very formal hearing, often requiring attorney held when schools cannot agree to on services necessary for student to be successful


Other Resources:

Parent Guide to Special Ed. Terms
U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs’ (OSEP’s) IDEA website